Dzień dobry ziomeczki,
w Nature pojawił się całkiem ciekawy artykuł o zamykaniu cyklu paliwowego w energetyce jądrowej.
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Closing the Nuclear Fuel Cycle with a Simplified Minor Actinide Lanthanide Separation Process (ALSEP) and Additive Manufacturing
pokaż spoiler Radiochemistry Program, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV, 89101, USA Artem V. Gelis
Chemical and Fuel Cycle Technology Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, 60439, USA, Peter Kozak, Andrew T. Breshears, M. Alex Brown & Cari Launiere
Nuclear Science Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory PO Box 999, Richland, WA, 99352, USA Emily L. Campbell, Gabriel B. Hall, Tatiana G. Levitskaia, Vanessa E. Holfeltz & Gregg J. Lumetta
Expanded low-carbon baseload power production through the use of nuclear fission can be enabled by recycling long-lived actinide isotopes within the nuclear fuel cycle. This approach provides the benefits of (a) more completely utilizing the energy potential of mined uranium, (b) reducing the footprint of nuclear geological repositories, and (c) reducing the time required for the radiotoxicity of the disposed waste to decrease to the level of uranium ore from one hundred thousand years to a few hundred years. A key step in achieving this goal is the separation of long-lived isotopes of americium (Am) and curium (Cm) for recycle into fast reactors. To achieve this goal, a novel process was successfully demonstrated on a laboratory scale using a bank of 1.25-cm centrifugal contactors, fabricated by additive manufacturing, and a simulant containing the major fission product elements. Americium and Cm were separated from the lanthanides with over 99.9% completion. The sum of the impurities of the Am/Cm product stream using the simulated raffinate was found to be 3.2×10^(−3)g/L. The process performance was validated using a genuine high burnup used nuclear fuel raffinate in a batch regime. Separation factors of nearly 100 for 154Eu over 241Am were achieved. All these results indicate the process scalability to an engineering scale.